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GENRE OF THE TEXT May 17, 2012

Filed under: ENGLISH SIDE — onilearning @ 5:25p05

GENRE

SOCIAL FUNCTION

GENERIC STRUCTURE

SIGNIFICANT LEXICOGRAMMATICAL FEATURE

Exposition (Analytical) To persuade the reader or listener that something is the case.
  • Thesis

Position: Introduction topic and indicates writer’s position.

Preview: Outline the main arguments to be presented.

  • Arguments:

Point: restates main arguments outlined in preview.

Elaboration: develops and supports each point/argument.

  • Reiteration: restates writer’s position.
  • Focus on generic human and non human Participants.
  • Use of simple present tense.
  • Use of relational processes.
  • Use of internal conjunction to state argument.
  • Reasoning through Casual Conjunction or nominalization.
Narrative To amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience in different ways; Narrative deal with problematic events which lead to a crisis or turning point of some kind, which in turn finds a resolution.
  • Orientation: sets the scene and introduces the participants.
  • Evaluation: a stepping back to evaluate the plight.
  • Complication: a crisis arises.
  • Resolution: the crisis resolved, for better or for worse.
  • Re-orientation: optional.
  • Focus on specific and usually individualized Participants.
  • Use of Material Processes (and in this text, Behavioral and Mental Processes)
  • Use of Relational Processes and Mental Processes.
  • Use of temporal conjunctions and temporal conjunctions and temporal Circumstances.
  • Use of past tense.
Procedure To describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of place or thing.
  • Goal
  • Materials (not required for all Procedural texts).
  • Steps 1-n (i.e., Goal followed by a series of steps oriented to achieving the Goal).
  • Focus on generalized human agents.
  • Use of simple present tense, often imperative.
  • Use mainly of Material Processes.
  • Use mainly of temporal conjunctions
Recount To retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining.
  • Orientation: provides the setting and introduces participants.
  • Events: tell what happened, in what sequence.
  • Re-orientation: optional-closure of events.
  • Focus on specific participants.
  • Use of materials processes.
  • Use of past tense.
  • Focus on temporal sequence.
  • Circumstances of time and place.
Report To describe the way things are, with reference to a range of natural, man-made and social phenomena in our environment.
  • General classification: tells what the phenomenon under discussion is.
  • Description tells what the phenomenon under discussion is like in terms of (1) parts, (2) qualities, (3) habits or behaviors, if living; uses, if non-natural.
  • Focus on Generic Participants.
  • No temporal sequence.
  • Use of relational Process to state what is and that which it is.
  • Use of simple present tense.
 

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